Sanskrit is the most ancient literary language of India.  The word Yoga comes from the Sanskrit word yuj meaning “yoke” or “union.” The meaning of hatha is derived from the syllables ha meaning “sun” and tha meaning “moon.”  Hatha Yoga is the union of the sun and the moon, a healthy joining of two opposites – the mind and body, which leads to strength, vitality and tranquility.

  Bound Ankle Pose – Baddha Konasana
  Bow – Dhanurasana
  Cat Pose I and II– Bidalasana I and II
  Child’s Pose – Mudhasana
  Cobra – Bhujangasana
  Corpse Pose - Savasana
  Downward Facing Dog– Adho Mukha Svanasana
  Easy Pose – Sukhasana
  Easy Pose forward fold – Sukhasana forward fold
  Fish – Matsyasana
  Headstand – Sirsasana
  Hero Pose – Virasana
  Lotus Pose – Padmasana
  Mountain Pose – Tadasana
  Plow Pose – Halasana
  Shoulderstand – Sarvangasana
  Sitting Forward Bend – Paschimottanasana
  Spinal Twist – Ardha Matsyendrasana
  Staff Pose – Dandasana
  Standing Forward Bend Pose – Uttanasana
  Standing Forward Bend – Pada Hasthasana
  Sun Salutation – Surya Namaskar
  Supported Bridge Pose – Setu Bandha Savangasana
  Tree Pose – Vrksasana
  Triangle Pose – Trikonasana
  Upward Facing Dog – Urdhva Mukha Svanasana
  Warrior I  – Virabhadrasana I
Helpful terms
  Agni Prasana – the breath of fire
  Asana – all hatha Yoga postures
  Ashtanga Yoga – a very physical, athletic Yoga style
  Easy Breath – an unconstrained, but conscious breath pattern that is used when holding a Yoga pose
  Iyengar Yoga – a vigorous style characterized by precision alignment.
  Kripalu Yoga – a meditative style yoga
  Kundalini Yoga– a powerful yoga style used to awaken energy at the base of the spine
  Mantra – a word or phrase repeated either verbally or mentally to evoke mindfulness.
  Meditation – a deliberate state of withdrawal, conducted in silence, where thoughts are suspended and all concentration is on breath, mantra, or a specific subject
  Mudra – a hand position that channels prana.
  Om – is the root of all mantra, the sound of AUM.  Reminds one that any action should be for the betterment of the universe.
  Namaste – traditional Indian greeting that acknowledges the existence of the other’s innate goodness.
  Prana – The life force that flows through the body.
  Pranayama – rhythmic control of breath
  Sutras – Sanskrit for “threads.”
  Ujjayi – a breathing technique that produces a throaty sound
  Viniyoga – a gentle, recuperative yoga style
  Yogi – refers to a male who develops and maintains a committed Yoga practice.
  Yogini - refers to a female who develops and maintains a committed Yoga practice.

Resources: B.K.S. Iyengar, Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health; Goswami Kriyananda




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